Caledon State Park was established in 2012. Originally a plantation dating back to the 1600s, the land was donated to the state in 1974. The area served to protect both old-growth forest and its resident bald eagles.
Bald eagle research is still ongoing at Caledon State Park, and the eagles remain a major attraction for visitors and researchers alike. Several areas of the park are closed off to the public during certain times of the year to help protect the eagles. Be mindful of all signage and postings of restricted areas.
Caledon State Park has 10 hiking trails and four multi-use trails open to the public. Boyds Hole Trail is the most popular and leads hikers down to the shoreline of the Potomac River. The gravel trail is wide and commonly used by trail runners. Hikers on the Rookery Trail may catch a glimpse of an eagle’s nest depending on the time of year. Other trails allow hikers to explore the old-growth forests, wetlands, and Potomac River overlooks around the park.
Despite the many access points to the Potomac River, swimming is prohibited due to swift currents and unforeseen dangers. Fishing is allowed on the shores of the Potomac but prohibited in all other bodies of water in the park. A valid Virginia fishing license is required.
A picnic shelter close to the main parking area equipped with a charcoal grill and restrooms is available for rent by contacting the park office. Camping in the park is limited to a few primitive paddle-in or hike-in campsites.
The visitor center has many exhibits about the history of the plantation and the surrounding lands on which the park was established. Exhibits on the eagles can also be found in the visitor center, and park rangers offer several birding programs, including eagle tours and owl prowls. An entire list of park programs and events can be found at the Virginia State Parks.