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Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District

Fort Vancouver

Portland Metro Area, Washington

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Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District

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  • Fort Vancouver East Barracks.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • Barracks at Vancouver National Historic Preserve.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • East McClellan Road within Vancouver National Historic Preserve.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • View west down East Evergreen Boulevard within Officer's Row National Historic District.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • The O.O. Howard House at the Officer's Row National Historic District.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • The O.O. Howard House at the Officer's Row National Historic District.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • Officer's Row National Historic District.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • Grant House (built in 1846) at the Officer's Row National Historic District.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • Grant House (built in 1846) at the Officer's Row National Historic District.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • The Marshall House (built in 1886) at the Officer's Row National Historic District.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • Front garden/farm at Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • Fort Vancouver's bastion was originally constructed in 1845.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • The "Big House," Chief Factor's Residence at Fort Vancouver.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • View of Mount Hood (11,249') from Fort Vancouver.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • Blacksmith shop at Fort Vancouver.- Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
  • - Vancouver National Historic Reserve + Officer's Row National Historic District
Overview + Weather
Pros: 
Fort Vancouver replica. Historic military barracks and officer's quarters.
Cons: 
Most buildings are privately occupied.
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Region:
Portland Metro Area, WA
Congestion: 
Moderate
Pets allowed: 
No
Parking Pass: 
Not Required
Preferable Season(s):
Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall
Current Local Weather:
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Adventure Description

Adventure Description

Team

The 366-acre Vancouver National Historic Reserve is a vast assemblage of historic structures that includes Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, several historic residences and barracks, an air museum, parkland, private businesses and residences, and The Grant House restaurant. Located just a short drive from Portland, the reserve is a rich and rewarding resource for anyone interested in the development of this region. From the contentious relationship between British and American interests in the mid-19th century to the increasingly American identity that emerged as the Oregon Country was settled to the establishment of a full Army outpost, the site is a portal into a fascinating transitional period in the West. If you have the curiosity and the stamina, this reserve can easily sustain hours of exploration. Fortunately, at less than a half-hour's drive from Portland, it is easy to break the time up into multiple visits.

The entire area is managed by the National Parks Service, which is remarkable given the number of buildings and the size of the grounds. Officer's Row alone consists of 22 houses, including the Grant House, built in 1846, the O.O. Howard House, built in 1879, and the Marshall House, built in 1886. All of these structures were built to accommodate the officers stationed at Vancouver Barracks, established by the U.S. Army in 1849 in the newly minted Oregon Territory. The Army used Vancouver Barracks extensively during the Civil War and the Indian War mostly for supplies and logistical support to the region. In the first part of the 20th century the site was used for World War I efforts as well as a headquarters for a Civilian Conservation Corps division. By the end of World War II the process of public access to these grounds had begun, and portions of barracks were being transitioned to the National Parks Service. Most recently, the East and South barracks were transferred in 2012.

You'll also have the opportunity to visit the Pearson Air Museum, two historic hangars that currently profiles both the Army's history at the Fort Vancouver site and the particular history of aviation at Pearson Field. The air museum is actually located on the site of what was once the largest wood mill in the world. During World War I, spruce became an essential wood for aircraft construction, and the Spruce Production Division was created and stationed at Fort Vancouver. For a time, the Spruce Mill produced an incredible 1 million board feet of lumber per day. The museum and the Pearson Field Historical Society is dedicated to educating the public about this and other aspects of aviation history at field; this includes school tours, demonstrations and classes, summer camps, and various special events held throughout the year.

 

 

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Nearby Camping + Lodging

(12 within a 30 mile radius)

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(130 within a 30 mile radius)

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