If an accident occurs in alpine terrain, injuries can range from small scrapes through to heavy bleeding, broken bones or loss of consciousness. If necessary, the rope partner may need to perform first aid and must be able to perform the necessary techniques – this is the only way to help the injured person quickly.
If there is heavy bleeding, the number one priority is to stem it. To this end, the first responder applies a pressure bandage. The responder wears gloves to protect themselves and the injured person from infections and prevent dirt getting into the wound.
The ABC is a model that can be used to quickly treat heart and circulatory issues.
ATTENTION: Any bleeding must be stopped immediately and is the number one priority! If, as well as being unconscious, the accident victim also stops breathing normally, the first responder must start resuscitating immediately.
If you cannot tell if the unconscious person is breathing normally, you must immediately make an emergency call. This is immediately followed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation to ensure the brain is supplied with oxygen. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation refers to a combination of chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth/nose in a ratio of 30 to 2.
After 30 chest compressions, give mouth-to-mouth/nose twice: Close the nose with one hand while placing the other on the person’s chin and tilting their head backward. Breathe in normally and then place your lips around the accident victim’s mouth and breathe out normally.
Perform chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth/nose in a ratio of 30:2 until professional help (mountain rescue / emergency doctor) has arrived or you are exhausted.
If the accident victim is unconscious but is breathing normally, they are to be put in the stable recovery position. The stable recovery position ensures that airways remain open and vomit or blood can flow out. The accident victim is thereby protected from choking.
NOTE: Any loss of consciousness is an indication of a serious health disorder and is therefore life-threatening. You must make an emergency call without delay!
Procedure for recovery position:
Even in the stable recovery position, breathing must be checked constantly. Breathing can stop at any time.
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Since the company was founded in 1980 in the south of Munich, ORTOVOX has stood for the highest possible protection during alpine activities. As pioneers in the avalanche safety field, we have played a key role in the development of emergency equipment for the mountains. Innovations such as the double-frequency avalanche transceiver and Smart Antenna Technology, and also targeted training measures, continue to be valuable contributions to making mountain sports a little bit safer and to saving lives.