Spruce Tree House

Mesa Verde National Park

Colorado Plateau, Colorado

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Spruce Tree House


  • Climb down the ladder to experience the enclosed kiva at Spruce Tree House.- Spruce Tree House
  • The path, while paved, winds down steeply to the ruin site.- Spruce Tree House
  • Ruins are visible through the trees.- Spruce Tree House
  • Spruce Tree House.- Spruce Tree House
  • Puebloan ruins at Mesa Verde are made of sandstone blocks and mortar.- Spruce Tree House
  • This open kiva would have been covered when Spruce Tree House was occupied.- Spruce Tree House
  • The ancestral Puebloans abandoned this dwelling around 1300 AD.- Spruce Tree House
  • Much of the wood is original.- Spruce Tree House
  • - Spruce Tree House
Overview + Weather
Fairly easy walk. No formal tour required. Excellent ruins.
Can get crowded.
February 24, 2016: Due to continued safety concerns relating to rock falls, Spruce Tree House remains closed for the foreseeable future until a full geotechnical assessment can be performed. Please check with the ranger station for updates prior to your visit, 970-529-4608 .
Colorado Plateau, CO
Pets allowed: 
Parking Pass: 
National Park Pass
Preferable Season(s):
Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall
Current Local Weather:
Adventure Description

Adventure Description

Pro Contributor

One of the most accessible Puebloan ruins at Mesa Verde National Park is the Spruce Tree House. This ruin was explored by Gustaf Nordenskiold, who was one of the first archeologists to excavate at Mesa Verde. Nordenskiold named it after the Douglas fir tree he found growing through the roof opening of a kiva at the site, which he mistook for the spruce of his native Sweden. The complex was built between 1211 and 1278 by the ancestral Puebloan people and, with over 130 rooms and eight kivas (generally circular ceremonial chambers), it is the third-largest site at Mesa Verde. Is thought to have housed about 60 to 80 people.

Spruce Tree House is open to self-guided exploration during limited hours from spring to fall (rangers are on duty to answer questions and protect the site) and by ranger-led tour only in the winter. The trail begins next to the Chapin Mesa Archealogical Museum and winds down a paved path for about a quarter of a mile. This is also the starting point for the Petroglyph Point Trail. Expect both the trail and the site to be quite crowded.

The site itself is considered one of the best preserved ruins at Mesa Verde, and it is quite beautiful. One unique and very popular feature, especially with children, is the enclosed kiva that can be entered by climbing down a long ladder into the darkness. As with the other sites at Mesa Verde, much of the wood that is exposed in the rooms is the original 900-year-old wood.  It is through tree-ring dating, or dendrochronology​, that the ruins of Mesa Verde can be dated with such precision.

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(1 within a 30 mile radius)

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(11 within a 30 mile radius)

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